Prospects of the farming sector and rural development in European Neighbourood Countries in view of food security: the case of the Russian Federation (ENP RUSSIA)
The objective of this study is to identify the role of the farming sector and rural areas in view of food security in the short and medium run in the Russian Federation. More specifically, the aim is to analyse to what extent the transition process has contributed and is contributing to the development of farming sectors, rural households and agro-industries, focusing on social, economic and environmental sustainability, to examine drivers of agricultural and rural development, and to assess the extent to which changes, particularly within the farming sectors and rural areas, will affect food security (availability, access, nutrition, stability) in Russia and outside.
With the aim of contributing to European Neighbourhood Policy, the objective of this study is to identify the role of the farming sector and rural areas in view of food security in the short and medium run in the Russian Federation. The ultimate goal is to evaluate the degree to which the farming sector and rural areas could contribute to increases in agricultural production, and to critically assess the limiting factors to such a contribution.
The specific objectives of this study are to analyse, over a time period deemed suitable for the following analysis, which can go back to the early 1990s or only start in the 2000s, and divided in sub-periods of 3 to 5 years (depending on the relevance of such time division), the:
Farming sector: Importance within the economy, Farm structure, Importance and economic efficiency and viability of farms, Analysis of investments
Rural households: Income (diversification, poverty), employment, migration of rural population, transfers (subsidies, public support mechanisms, direct payments), safety nets
Agro-industries: Storage, processing, delivery facilities, provision of public goods (e.g. roads) and integration of markets, human capital (skilled labour), business environment
Institutional regulations: Land privatization, land market regulations, Agricultural, agro-environmental and rural policies and their impact on the farming sector, rural employment and environment
Environmental indicators: Importance of land grabbing, data on available unused arable land, discussion on possibilities to exploit unused areas for agricultural production, Land abandonment, pollution from fertilizers and pesticides, deforestation, soil degradation, water use, crop rotation
Expected intermediate reports
Interim report: July 2012
Final report: February 2013
Sebastien Mary, Sergio Gomez y Paloma